Reptiles and Amphibians in the Pacific Northwest


[Home] [Books] [Plants & Wildlife] [Organizations] [Nurseries] [Events] [More] [Index]
[Plants] [Butterflies] [Insects] [Birds] [Mammals] [Herptiles]

There are comparatively few reptiles and amphibians here; only 38 species, two of them introduced, compared to 9300 species worldwide, and 134 species in Alabama.

The information in this chart is taken from Amphibians & Reptiles of the Pacific Northwest; Nussbaum, Brodie & Storm; University of Idaho Press; 1983. They include illustrated keys to the families, descriptions, photos, habitat, range maps, life history (including food and predators), and references for all of the known reptiles and amphibians in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and British Columbia. I've extracted only those species that show up in the Cascades and westward.


Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Superclass: Tetrapoda

Class      Order                Suborder                  Family [# pnw species]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                          |-Ambystomatidae [5]
                                                          | (Mole Salamander)
                                                          |
           |-Caudata--------------------------------------|-Plethodontidae [7]
           | (Salamanders)                                | (Lungless Salaman.)
           |                                              |
           |                                              |-Salamandridae [1]
           |                                                (Newts)
           |
           |
Amphibia --|-Gymnophiona  (tropical)                      |-Bufonidae [1]
           | (Caecilians)                                 | (Toads)
           |                                              |
           |                                              |-Hylidae [1]
           |                                              | (Tree frogs)
           |                                              |
           |-Anura----------------------------------------|-Leiopelmatidae [1]
             (Toads & Frogs)                              | (Bell toads)
                                                          |
                                                          |-Ranidae [7]
                                                            (True frogs)



           |-Testudines-----------------------------------|-Emydidae [2]
           | (Turtles)                                      (Water & Box)
           |
           |
           |-Rhynchocephalia                              |-Anguidae [2]
           | (Tuataras)                                   | (Anguids)
           |                                              |
Reptilia --|                    |-Lacertilia (Sauria)-----|-Iguanidae [1]
           |-Crocodilia         | (Lizards)               | (Iguanids)
           |                    |                         |
           |                    |                         |-Scincidae [1]
           |                    |                           (Skinks)
           |                    |
           |-Squamata-----------|
             (Lizards & Snakes) |
                                |
                                |                         |-Boidae [1]
                                |                         | (Boas)
                                |                         |
                                |-Ophidia (Serpentes)-----|-Colubridae [7]
                                 (Snakes)                 | (Colubrids)
                                                          |
                                                          |-Viperidae [1]
                                                            (Pit Vipers)


AMPHIBIA - Amphibians

Caudata - Salamanders

Ambystomatidae - Mole Salamanders

Plethodontidae - Lungless Salamanders

Salamandridae - Newts


Anura - Toads and Frogs

Bufonidae - Toads

Hylidae - Tree frogs

Leiopelmatidae - Bell toads

Ranidae - True frogs


REPTILIA - Reptiles


Testudines - Turtles

Emydidae: Water and Box Turtles


Lacertilia (Sauria) - Lizards

Anguidae - Anguids

Iguanidae - Iguanids

Scincidae - Skinks


Ophidia (Serpentes) - Snakes

Boidae - Boas

Colubridae - Colubrids

Viperidae - Pit Vipers