An Annotated Checklist of the Spiders of Washington [1988]

REFERENCES CITED


[Home] [Introduction] [Map] [Checklist] [Appendix] [References] [Index to Genera]

Allred, Dorald M., and B. J. Kaston. 1983. A list of Utah spiders, with their localities. Great Basin Naturalist 43(3): 494-522.

Banks, Nathan. 1891. Notes on the Dysderidae of the United States. Canadian Entomologist 23(10): 207-209. [wrongly cited as 1892 by Bonnet (1945)].

_____. 1894a. Notes on Larinia and Cercidia. Entomological News 5(1): 8-9.

_____. 1894b. Two families of spiders new to the United States. Entomological News 5(9): 298-300.

_____. 1895a. Some new Attidae. Canadian Entomologist 27(4): 96-102.

_____. 1895b. The Arachnida of Colorado. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 8:417-434.

_____. 1896a. New North American spiders and mites. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 23:57-77.

_____. 1896b. A few new spiders. Canadian Entomologist 28(3): 62-65.

_____. 1900. Papers from the Harriman Alaska Expedition. XI. Entomological Results (5): Arachnida. Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Science 2(23): 477-486, plate 29.

_____. "1901" 1902. Some Arachnida from New Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 53(16): 568-597, plate 33.

_____. 1906. Descriptions of new American spiders. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 7(2-3): 94-101.

Barnes, Robert D. 1958. North American jumping spiders of the subfamily Marpissinae (Araneae, Salticidae). American Museum Novitates 1867:1-50.

_____. 1959. The lapidicina group of the wolf spider genus Pardosa (Araneae, Lycosidae). American Museum Novitates 1960:1-20.

Bennett, Robert G. 1988. The spider genus Cybaeota (Araneae, Agelenidae). Journal of Arachnology 16(1): 103-119.

Berman, Jonathan D., and Herbert W. Levi. 1971. The orb weaver genus Neoscona in North America (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 141(8): 465-500.

Bishop, Sherman C., and Cyrus R. Crosby. "1932" 1933. Studies in American spiders: The genus Grammonota. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 40(4): 393-421.

_____. 1935. American Erigoneae: The spider genera Pelecopsidis and Floricomus. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 43(1): 31-45.

_____. 1938. Studies in American spiders: Miscellaneous genera of Erigoneae, part II. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 46(1): 55-107.

Blauvelt, Helen Hayden. 1936. The comparative morphology of the secondary sexual organs of Linyphia and some related genera, including a revision of the group. Festschrift zum 60. Geburstage von Professor Dr. Embrik Strand (Riga), vol. 2, pp. 81-171, pl. vi-xxiii.

Bonnet, Pierre. 1945-1961. Bibliographia araneorum. Toulouse: Les Frères Douladoure. v. 1 (1945), xvii+832 pp.; v.2 (1955-1959), 5058 pp.; v. 3 (1961), 591 pp. [fascicles cited by specific dates].

Bowling, Thomas A., and Richard J. Sauer. 1975. A taxonomic revision of the crab spider genus Coriarachne (Araneida, Thomisidae) for North America north of Mexico. Journal of Arachnology 2(3): 183-193.

Brady, Allen R. 1964. The lynx spiders of North America, north of Mexico (Araneae: Oxyopidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 131(13): 429-518, plates 1-20.

_____. 1980. Nearctic species of the wolf spider genus Trochosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). Psyche 86(2-3): 167-212.

Brändegaard, Jens. 1937. Spiders (Araneina) from southeast Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland 108(4): 1-15.

Brignoli, Paolo M. 1978. Quelques notes sur les Agelenidae, Hahniidae, Oxyopidae, et Pisauridae de France et d'Espagne (Araneae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 85(2): 265-294.

_____. 1979. On some cave spiders from Guatemala and the United States (Araneae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86(2): 435-443.

_____. 1980. Sur Usofila pecki n. sp. araignée cavernicole de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Araneae, Telemidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 87(2): 605-609.

_____. 1983. A catalogue of the Araneae described between 1940 and 1981. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press. xi+755 pp.

Buckle, D. J., and J. H. Redner. 1964. The Nearctic species of the Xysticus labradorensis subgroup (Araneae: Thomisidae). Canadian Entomologist 96(8): 1138-1142.

Carico, James Edwin. 1973. The Nearctic spiders of the genus Dolomedes (Araneae: Pisauridae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 144(7): 435-488.

Chamberlin, Ralph V. 1908. Revision of North American spiders of the family Lycosidae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia series 3, 60(5): 158-318, plates 8-23.

_____. 1919. New western spiders. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 12(3): 239-266.

_____. 1921. A new genus and a new species of spiders in the group Phrurolitheae. Canadian Entomologist 53(3): 69-70.

_____. 1923. The North American species of Mimetus. Journal of Entomology and Zoology (Claremont) 15(1): 3-7.

_____. 1925. New North American spiders. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences series 4, 14(7): 105-142. [with Crosby descriptions]

_____. 1936. Records of North American Gnaphosidae, with descriptions of new species. American Museum Novitates 841:1-30.

_____. 1947. A summary of the known North American Amaurobiidae. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 10(5): 1-31.

_____. "1948" 1949. On some American spiders of the family Erigonidae. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 41(4): 483-562.

Chamberlin, Ralph V., and Willis J. Gertsch. 1929. New spiders from Utah and California. Journal of Entomology and Zoology (Claremont), 21(3): 97-117.

_____. 1958. The spider family Dictynidae in America north of Mexico. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 116(1): 1-152, plates 1-47.

Chamberlin, Ralph V., and Wilton Ivie. 1932. North American spiders of the genera Cybaeus and Cybaeina. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 2(1): 1-43.

_____. 1933. Spiders of the Raft River Mountains of Utah. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 2(2): 1-79.

_____. 1935. Miscellaneous new American spiders. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 2(8): 1-79.

_____. 1936. Nearctic spiders of the genus Wubana. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 29(1): 85-98.

_____. 1937. New spiders of the family Agelenidae from western North America. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 30(2): 211-241.

_____. 1939. Studies on North American spiders of the family Micryphantidae. Verhandlungen, VII. International Kongress für Entomologie (Berlin) 1:56-73, plates 1-6.

_____. 1940. Agelenid spiders of the genus Cicurina. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 5(9): 1-108.

_____. 1941a. Spiders collected by L. W. Saylor and others, mostly in California. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 6(3): 1-49.

_____. 1941b. North American Agelenidae of the genera Agelenopsis, Calilena, Ritalena, and Tortolena. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 34(3): 585-628.

_____. 1942a. A hundred new species of American spiders. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 7(1): 1-117.

_____. 1942b. Agelenidae of the genera Hololena, Novalena, Rualena, and Melpomene. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 35(2): 203-241.

_____. 1943. New genera and species of North American Linyphiid spiders. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 7(6): 1-39.

_____. 1944. Spiders of the Georgia region of North America. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 8(5): 1-267.

_____. 1945. Some Erigonid spiders of the genera Eulaira and Diplocentria. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 9(4): 1-19.

_____. 1946. On several new American spiders. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 9(5): 1-15.

_____. 1947. The spiders of Alaska. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 10(3): 1-103.

Coddington, Jonathan. 1986. The monophyletic origin of the orb web. In William A. Shear, ed., Spiders: webs, behavior, and evolution, pp. 319-363. Stanford: Stanford University Press. xiii+492 pp.

Coyle, Frederick A. 1971. Systematics and natural history of the Mygalomorph spider genus Antrodiaetus and related genera (Araneae: Antrodiaetidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 141(6): 269-402.

_____. 1981. The Mygalomorph spider genus Microhexura (Araneae, Dipluridae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 170(1): 64-110.

Crawford, Rodney L. 1983a. A scientific system for recording specimen collection localities. Proceedings of the Washington State Entomological Society 44:630-632.

_____. 1983b. Grid systems for recording specimen collection localities in North America. Systematic Zoology 32(4): 389-402.

Crawford, Rodney L., and John S. Edwards. In press. Alpine spiders and harvestmen of Mt. Rainier, Washington. Canadian Journal of Zoology.

Crawford, R., and G. H. Locket. 1976. The occurrence of Tegenaria gigantea Chamberlin and Ivie (1935) in North America and Western Europe. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 3(7): 199.

Crosby, Cyrus R. 1905. A catalogue of the Erigoneae of North America, with notes and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia series 3, 57: 301-343, plates 28-29.

_____. 1925. see Chamberlin 1925.

Crosby, Cyrus R., and Sherman C. Bishop. 1925. Studies in New York spiders. Genera: Ceratinella and Ceraticelus. New York State Museum Bulletin 264:5-71.

_____. 1927. New species of Erigoneae and Theridiidae. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 35(2): 147-157.

_____. 1928. Revision of the spider genera Erigone, Eperigone, and Catabrithorax (Erigoneae). New York State Museum Bulletin 278(1): 3-97.

_____. 1931. Studies in American spiders: Genera, Cornicularia, Paracornicularia, Tigellinus, Walckenaera, Epiceraticelus, and Pelecopsis, with descriptions of new genera and species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 39(3): 359-403.

_____. 1933. American spiders: Erigoneae, males with cephalic pits. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 26(1): 105-182.

_____. 1935. A new species of Hybocoptus from New York (Araneae). Entomological News 46(5): 125-127.

Cutler, Bruce, and Daniel T. Jennings. 1985. A revision of the Metaphidippus arizonensis group (Araneae, Salticidae). Journal of Arachnology 13(1): 1-8.

Dahl, Friedrich, and Maria Dahl. 1927. Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, II: Lycosidae s. lat. (Wolfspinnen in weiteren Sinne). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 5: i-vi, 1-80.

Deltshev, Christo D. 1985. A contribution to the study of the family Erigonidae (Araneae) from Pirin Mountain, Bulgaria, with a description of a new species (Metopobactrus orbelicus sp. n.). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 6(8): 359-366.

Dondale, Charles D. 1958. Two new species of Ceraticelus (Araneae: Erigonidae) from western North America. Canadian Entomologist 90(3): 155-157.

_____. 1959. Definition of the genus Grammonota (Araneae: Erigonidae), with descriptions of seven new species. Canadian Entomologist 91(4): 232-242.

_____. 1961. Revision of the aureolus group of the genus Philodromus (Araneae: Thomisidae) in North America. Canadian Entomologist 93(3): 199-222.

Dondale, Charles D., and James H. Redner. 1968. The imbecillus and rufus groups of the spider genus Philodromus in North America (Araneida: Thomisidae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 55:1-78.

_____. 1969. The infuscatus and dispar groups of the spider genus Philodromus in North and Central America and the West Indies (Araneida: Thomisidae). Canadian Entomologist 101(9): 921-954.

_____. 1972. A synonym proposed in Perimones, a synonym rejected in Walckenaera, and a new species described in Cochlembolus (Araneida: Erigonidae). Canadian Entomologist 104(10): 1643-1647.

_____. 1975a. The fuscomarginatus and histrio groups of the spider genus Philodromus in North America (Araneida: Thomisidae). Canadian Entomologist 107(4): 369-384.

_____. 1975b. The genus Ozyptila in North America (Araneida, Thomisidae). Journal of Arachnology 2(3): 129-181.

_____. 1975c. Revision of the spider genus Apollophanes (Araneida: Thomisidae). Canadian Entomologist 107(11): 1175-1192.

_____. 1978a. Revision of the Nearctic wolf spider genus Schizocosa (Araneida: Lycosidae). Canadian Entomologist 110(2): 143-181.

_____. 1978b. The crab spiders of Canada and Alaska. Araneae: Philodromidae and Thomisidae. The Insects and Arachnids of Canada, Part 5. Biosystematics Research Institute (Ottawa), Publication 1663: 1-255.

_____. 1979. Revision of the wolf spider genus Alopecosa Simon in North America (Araneae: Lycosidae). Canadian Entomologist 111(9): 1033-1055.

_____. 1982. The sac spiders of Canada and Alaska. Araneae: Clubionidae and Anyphaenidae. The Insects and Arachnids of Canada, Part 9. Biosystematics Research Institute (Ottawa), Publication 1724: 1-194.

_____. 1983. Revision of the wolf spiders of the genus Arctosa C. L. Koch in North and Central America (Araneae: Lycosidae). Canadian Entomologist 11(1): 1-30.

_____. 1986. The coloradensis, xerampelina, lapponica, and tesquorum groups of the genus Pardosa (Araneae: Lycosidae) in North America. Canadian Entomologist 118(8): 815-835.

_____. 1987. The atrata, cubana, ferruginea, moesta, monticola, saltuaria, and solituda groups of the spider genus Pardosa in North America (Araneae: Lycosidae). Canadian Entomologist 119(1): 1-19.

Dondale, Charles D., A. L. Turnbull, and J. H. Redner. 1964. Revision of the Nearctic species of Thanatus C. L. Koch (Araneae: Thomisidae). Canadian Entomologist 96(4): 636-656.

Edwards, G. B. 1977. Comments on some genus and species problems in the Salticidae, including Walckenaerian names. Peckhamia 1(2): 21-23.

Edwards, Robert J. 1958. The spider subfamily Clubioninae of the United States, Canada, and Alaska (Araneae: Clubionidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 118(6): 363-436, 23 plates.

Emerton, James H. 1882. New England spiders of the family Theridiidae. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 6:1-84, plates 1-24.

_____. 1891. New England spiders of the family Attidae. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 8(14): 220-252, plates 16-21.

_____. 1894-95. Canadian spiders. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 9(6): 400-429, plates 1-4.

_____. 1909. Supplement to the New England Spiders. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 14(3): 171-236, plates 1-12.

_____. 1911. New spiders from New England. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 16(4): 383-407, plates 1-6.

_____. 1915. Canadian Spiders, II. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 20(3): 145-160, plates 2-3.

_____. 1917. New spiders from Canada and the adjoining states. Canadian Entomologist 49(8): 261-272.

_____. 1920. Catalogue of the spiders of Canada known to the year 1919. Transactions of the Royal Canadian Institute 12(2): 309-338.

_____. 1921. Notes on Canadian and Arctic spiders. Psyche 28(5-6): 165-168.

_____. 1923. New spiders from Canada and adjoining states, No. 3. Canadian Entomologist 55(10): 238-243.

_____. 1926. New spiders from Canada and the adjoining states, No. 5. Canadian Entomologist 58(5): 115-119.

Engelhardt, Wolfgang. 1964. Die mitteleuropäischen Arten der Gattung Trochosa C. L. Koch, 1848 (Araneae, Lycosidae). Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere 54(3): 219-392.

Eskov, K. Yu. 1981. Spiders of the genera Eboria, Latithorax, Rhaebothorax, and Typhochrestus (Aranei, Linyphiidae) in the fauna of Siberia [translated title]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, Akademiia Nauk SSSR 60(4): 496-505.

_____. 1984. New and little known genera and species of spiders (Aranei, Linyphiidae) from the far east [translated title]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, Akademiia Nauk SSSR 63(9): 1337-1344.

_____. 1985. The spiders of tundra-zone in U.S.S.R. Trudy, Zoologicheskii Institut, Akademiia Nauk SSSR 139: 121-128.

Exline, Harriet. 1935a. Three new species of Cybaeus. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 11(3): 129-132.

_____. 1935b. A new species of Cybaeus. (Araneae: Agelenidae). Entomological News 46(10): 285-286.

_____. 1936a. Nearctic spiders of the genus Cicurina Menge. American Museum Novitates 850:1-25.

_____. 1936b. The Araneida of Washington: Pholcidae, Argiopidae, Agelenidae, Hahniidae, Attidae. Ph. D. diss., Dept. of Zoology, University of Washington, Seattle. 198 pp.

_____. 1936c. New and little known species of Tegenaria (Araneida: Agelenidae). Psyche 43(1): 21-26.

_____. 1937. The Araneida of Washington: Pholcidae, Argiopidae, Agelenidae, Hahniidae, Attidae [abstract of 1936b]. Publications of the University of Washington, Theses Series 2:717.

_____. 1938. The Araneida of Washington: Agelenidae and Hahniidae. University of Washington Publications in Biology 9(1): 1-44.

Exline, Harriet, and Herbert W. Levi. 1962. American spiders of the genus Argyrodes (Araneae, Theridiidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 127(2): 73-204, 15 plates.

Fage, Louis. 1913. Études sur les araignées cavernicoles. II. Revision des Leptonetidae. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale ser. 5, 10: 479-576, plates 43-53.

_____. 1931. Biospeologia. LV. Araneae, Cinquième série. Précédée d'un essai sur l'evolution souterraine et son déterminisme. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale 71(2): 99-291.

_____. 1946. Araignées cavernicoles de l'Inde. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris), série 2, 18(5): 382-388.

Forster, R. R. 1970. The spiders of New Zealand. Part III. Desidae, Dictynidae, Hahniidae, Amaurobioididae, Nicodamidae. Otago Museum Bulletin 3:1-184.

Fox, Irving. 1938. Notes on North American spiders of the families Gnaphosidae, Anyphaenidae, and Clubionidae. Iowa State College Journal of Science 12(2): 227-243.

Gertsch, Willis J. 1933a. New genera and species of North American spiders. American Museum Novitates 636:1-28.

_____. 1933b. Diagnoses of new American spiders. American Museum Novitates 637:1-14.

_____. 1934a. Notes on American Lycosidae. American Museum Novitates 693:1-25.

_____. 1934b. Further notes on American spiders. American Museum Novitates 726:1-26.

_____. 1935. Spiders from the southwestern United States, with descriptions of new species. American Museum Novitates 792:1-31.

_____. 1939. A revision of the typical crab-spiders (Misumeninae) of America north of Mexico. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 76(7): 277-442.

_____. 1941. New American spiders of the family Clubionidae. I. American Museum Novitates 1147:1-20.

_____. 1958. The spider family Plectreuridae. American Museum Novitates 1920:1-53.

_____. 1960a. Descriptions of American spiders of the family Symphytognathidae. American Museum Novitates 1981:1-40.

_____. 1960b. The fulva group of the spider genus Steatoda (Araneae, Theridiidae). American Museum Novitates 1982:1-48.

_____. 1961. The spider genus Lutica. Senckenbergiana Biologia 42(4): 365-374.

_____. 1964. The spider genus Zygiella in North America (Araneae, Argiopidae). American Museum Novitates 2188:1-21.

_____. 1973. A report on cave spiders from Mexico and Central America. In Robert W. Mitchell and James R. Reddell, eds., Studies on the cavernicole fauna of Mexico and adjacent regions, pp. 141-163. Association for Mexican Cave Studies Bulletin 5.

_____. 1982. The spider genera Pholcophora and Anopsicus (Araneae, Pholcidae) in North America, Central America, and the West Indies. In James R. Reddell, ed., Further studies on the cavernicole fauna of Mexico and adjacent regions, pp. 95-144. Association for Mexican Cave Studies Bulletin 8 (also Bulletin Texas Memorial Museum 28).

_____. 1984. The spider family Nesticidae (Araneae) in North America, Central America, and the West Indies. Bulletin Texas Memorial Museum 31: i-viii, 1-91.

Gertsch, Willis J., and Wilton Ivie. 1936. Descriptions of new American spiders. American Museum Novitates 858:1-25.

_____. 1955. The spider genus Neon in North America. American Museum Novitates 1743:1-17.

Gertsch, Willis J., and William L. Jellison. 1939. Notes on a collection of spiders from Montana. American Museum Novitates 1032:1-13.

Gertsch, Willis J., and Stanley Mulaik. 1936. Diagnoses of new Southern spiders. American Museum Novitates 851:1-21.

Gertsch, Willis J., and Norman I. Platnick. 1979. A revision of the spider family Mecicobothriidae (Araneae, Mygalomorphae). American Museum Novitates 2687:1-32.

Gertsch, Willis J., and Susan E. Riechert. 1976. The spatial and temporal partitioning of a desert spider community, with descriptions of new species. American Museum Novitates 2604: 1-25.

Gertsch, Willis J., and H. K. Wallace. 1935. Further notes on American Lycosidae. American Museum Novitates 794:1-22.

Grasshoff, Manfred. 1971. Die Tribus Mangorini, III. Die Gattung Drexelia MacCook. Senckenbergiana Biologia 52(1/2): 81-95.

_____. 1983. Larinioides Caporiacco 1934, der korrekte Name für die sogenannte Araneus cornutus-Gruppe. Senckenbergiana Biologia 64(1-3): 225-229.

Griswold, Charles E. 1979. New species of Pellenes from California (Araneae: Salticidae). Journal of Arachnology 7(2): 129-138.

_____. 1987. A revision of the jumping spider genus Habronattus F. O. P.-Cambridge (Araneae; Salticidae), with phenetic and cladistic analyses. University of California Publications in Entomology 107: i-ix, 1-344.

Hackman, Walter. 1954. The spiders of Newfoundland. Acta Zoologica Fennica 79: 1-99.

Hatch, Melville H. 1950. Trevor Kincaid. In M. H. Hatch, ed., Studies honoring Trevor Kincaid, pp. 1-10. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Helsdingen, P. J. van. 1968. Comparative notes on the species of the Holarctic genus Stemonyphantes Menge (Araneida, Linyphiidae). Zoologische Mededelingen, Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie te Leiden 43(10): 117-139.

_____. 1969. A reclassification of the species of Linyphia Latreille based on the functioning of the genitalia (Araneida, Linyphiidae), I. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie te Leiden 105:1-303, 2 plates.

_____. 1970. A reclassification of the species of Linyphia based on the functioning of the genitalia (Araneida, Linyphiidae), II. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie te Leiden 111:1-86.

_____. 1973. A recapitulation of the Nearctic species of Centromerus Dahl (Araneida, Linyphiidae) with remarks on Tunagyna debilis (Banks). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie te Leiden 124:1-45.

_____. 1981. The Nearctic species of Oreonetides (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 170(1): 229-241.

Helsdingen, P. J. van, Konrad Thaler, and Christo Deltshev. 1977. The tenuis group of Lepthyphantes Menge. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 120(1): 1-54.

Hill, David Edwin. 1979. The scales of salticid spiders. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 65(3): 193-218.

Hippa, Heikki, and Ilkka Oksala. 1982. Definition and revision of the Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck) group (Araneae: Theridiidae). Entomologica Scandinavica 13(2): 213-222.

_____. 1985. A review of some Holarctic Agyneta Hull s. str. (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 6(7): 277-288.

Holm, Åke. 1945. Zur Kenntnis der Spinnenfauna des Torneträskgebietes. Arkiv för Zoologi 36A(3): 1-80.

_____. 1950. Studien über die spinnenfauna des torneträskgebietes. Zoologiska Bidrag från Uppsala 29(9): 103-213.

_____. 1956. Notes on arctic spiders of the genera Erigone Aud. and Hilaira Sim. Arkiv för Zoologi 9(20): 453-467.

_____. 1960. On a collection of spiders from Alaska. Zoologiska Bidrag från Uppsala 33(9): 109-134.

_____. 1963. Spiders of the genus Eboria Falc. (Araneae: Erigonidae). Entomologisk Tidskrift 84(3-4): 266-281.

_____. 1967. Spiders (Araneae) from West Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland 184(1): 1-100.

_____. 1973. On the spiders collected during the Swedish expeditions to Novaya Zemlya and Yenisey in 1875 and 1876. Zoologica Scripta 2(2-3): 71-110.

Homann, Heinrich. 1975. Die Stellung der Thomisidae und der Philodromidae im System der Araneae (Chelicerata, Arachnida). Zeitschrift für Morphologie der Tiere 80(3): 181-202.

International Union of Biological Sciences. 1985. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 3rd edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature: British Museum, London. xx+338 pp.

Ivie, Wilton. 1965. The spiders of the genus Islandiana (Linyphiidae, Erigoninae). American Museum Novitates 2221:1-25.

_____. 1967. Some synonyms in American spiders. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 75(3): 126-131.

_____. 1969. North American spiders of the genus Bathyphantes (Araneae, Linyphiidae). American Museum Novitates 2364:1-70.

Jones, Sarah E. 1948. The species of Dictyna (Arachnida) in the Exline Collection. Field and Laboratory 15(1): 29-44.

Kaston, Benjamin J. 1938. North American spiders of the genus Agroeca. American Midland Naturalist 20(3): 562-570.

_____. 1946. North American spiders of the genus Ctenium. American Museum Novitates 1306:1-19.

_____. 1948. Spiders of Connecticut. Bulletin of the Connecticut State Geology and Natural History Survey 70:1-874.

_____. 1970. Comparative biology of American black widow spiders. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 16(3): 33-82.

_____. 1973. Four new species of Metaphidippus, with notes on related jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from the eastern and central United States. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 92(1): 106-122.

_____. 1977. Supplement to the Spiders of Connecticut. Journal of Arachnology 4(1): 1-72.

Keyserling, Eugen von (Graf). 1886. Theridiidae, II. Hälfte. Die Spinnen Amerikas, 2(2): 1-295, plates 1-21. Nürnberg, Bauer and Raspe.

_____. 1887. Neue Spinnen aus Amerika, VII. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 37:421-490, plate 6.

Kronestedt, Torbjörn. 1975. Studies on species of Holarctic Pardosa groups (Araneae, Lycosidae). I. Redescription of Pardosa albomaculata Emerton and description of two new species from North America, with comments on some taxonomic characters. Zoologica Scripta 4(5-6): 217-228.

_____. 1981. Studies on species of Holarctic Pardosa groups (Araneae, Lycosidae). II. Redescriptions of Pardosa modica (Blackwall), Pardosa labradorensis (Thorell), and Pardosa sinistra (Thorell). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 170(1): 111-124.

Kulczynski, Wladislaw. 1916. Araneae Sibiriae occidentalis Arcticae. Memoires de l'Academie Imperiale des Sciences, Petrograd [Akademiia Nauk SSSR] ser. 8, 28(11): 2+1-44, plates 14-15.

Leech, Robin. 1969. Transfer of the genus Melocosa from Pisauridae to Lycosidae, and a key to the Nearctic genera of Lycosidae (Arachnida: Araneida). Canadian Entomologist 101(7): 890-894.

_____. 1972. A revision of the Nearctic Amaurobiidae (Arachnida: Araneida). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 84:1-182.

Lehtinen, Pekka T. 1967. Classification of the cribellate spiders and some allied families, with notes of the evolution of the suborder Araneomorpha. Annales Zoologici Fennici 4(3): 199-468.

Levi, Herbert W. 1951. New and rare spiders from Wisconsin and adjacent states. American Museum Novitates 1501:1-41.

_____. 1953. Spiders of the genus Dipoena from America north of Mexico (Araneae, Theridiidae). American Museum Novitates 1647:1-39.

_____. 1954. Spiders of the genus Euryopis from North and Central America (Araneae, Theridiidae). American Museum Novitates 1666:1-48.

_____. 1955. The spider genera Coressa and Achaearanea in America north of Mexico (Araneae, Theridiidae). American Museum Novitates 1718:1-33.

_____. 1956. The spider genera Neottiura and Anelosimus in America (Araneae: Theridiidae). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 75(4): 407-422.

_____. 1957a. The spider genera Enoplognatha, Theridion, and Paidisca in America north of Mexico (Araneae, Theridiidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 112(1): 1-123.

_____. 1957b. The spider genera Crustulina and Steatoda in North America, Central America, and the West Indies (Araneae, Theridiidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 117(3): 365-424, 14 plates.

_____. 1958. Spiders of the new genus Arctachaea (Araneae, Theridiidae). Psyche 64(3): 102-106.

_____. 1959. Problems in the spider genus Steatoda (Theridiidae). Systematic Zoology 8(2): 107-116.

_____. 1967. Cosmopolitan and pantropical species of theridiid spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae). Pacific Insects 9(2): 175-186.

_____. 1968. The spider genera Gea and Argiope in America (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 136(9): 319-352.

_____. 1971. The diadematus group of the orb-weaver genus Araneus north of Mexico (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 141(4): 131-179.

_____. 1972. The orb-weaver genera Singa and Hypsosinga in America (Araneae: Araneidae). Psyche 78(4): 229-256.

_____. 1974a. The orb-weaver genus Zygiella (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 146(5): 267-290.

_____. 1974b. The orb-weaver genera Araniella and Nuctenea (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 146(6): 291-316.

_____. 1975a. The American orb-weaver genera Larinia, Cercidia, and Mangora north of Mexico. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 147(3): 100-135.

_____. 1975b. Additional notes on the orb-weaver genera Araneus, Hypsosinga, and Singa north of Mexico (Araneae, Araneidae). Psyche 82(2): 265-274.

_____. 1977a. The American orb-weaver genera Cyclosa, Metazygia, and Eustala north of Mexico. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 148(3): 61-127.

_____. 1977b. The orb-weaver genera Metepeira, Kaira, and Aculepeira in America north of Mexico (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 148(5): 185-238.

_____. 1980. The orb-weaver genus Mecynogea, the subfamily Metinae, and the genera Pachygnatha, Glenognatha, and Azilia of the subfamily Tetragnathinae north of Mexico (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 149(1): 1-75.

_____. 1981. The American orb-weaver genera Dolichognatha and Tetragnatha north of Mexico (Araneae: Araneidae, Tetragnathinae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 149(5): 271-318.

_____. 1986. The Neotropical orb-weaver genera Chrysometa and Homalometa (Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 151(3): 91-215.

Levi, Herbert W., and Howard M. Field. 1954. The spiders of Wisconsin. American Midland Naturalist 51(2): 440-467.

Levi, Herbert W., and Lorna R. Levi. 1951. Report on a collection of spiders and harvestmen from Wyoming and neighboring states. Zoologica (New York Zoological Society) 36(17): 219-237.

Levi, Herbert W., and Diane E. Randolph. 1975. A key and checklist of American spiders of the family Theridiidae north of Mexico (Araneae). Journal of Arachnology 3(1): 31-51.

Levi, Lorna R., and Herbert W. Levi. 1955. Spiders and harvestmen from Waterton and Glacier National Parks. Canadian Field-Naturalist 69(2): 32-40.

Locket, G. H., and A. F. Millidge. 1951. British Spiders, Vol. 1. Ray Society (London) Publication No. 135, ix + 310 pp.

_____. 1953. British Spiders, Vol. 2. Ray Society (London) Publication No. 137, vi + 449 pp.

Locket, G. H., A. F. Millidge, and P. Merrett. 1974. British Spiders, Vol. 3. Ray Society (London) Publication No. 149, ix + 315 pp.

Lowrie, Donald C. 1973. The microhabitats of western wolf spiders of the genus Pardosa. Entomological News 84(1): 103-116.

Lowrie, Donald C., and Charles D. Dondale. 1981. A revision of the nigra group of the genus Pardosa in North America (Araneae, Lycosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 170(1): 125-139.

Lowrie, Donald C., and Willis J. Gertsch. 1955. A list of the spiders of the Grand Teton Park area, with descriptions of some new North American spiders. American Museum Novitates 1736:1-29.

Maddison, Wayne. 1986. Distinguishing the jumping spiders Eris militaris and Eris flava in North America (Araneae: Salticidae). Psyche 93(1-2): 141-149.

_____. 1987. Marchena and other jumping spiders with an apparent leg-carapace stridulatory mechanism (Araneae: Salticidae: Heliophaninae and Thiodininae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 7(4): 101-106.

Merrett, P., G. H. Locket, and A. F. Millidge. 1985. A check list of British spiders. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 6(9): 381-403.

Millidge, A. F. 1975. Re-examination of the erigonine spiders "Micrargus herbigradus" and "Pocadicnemis pumila" (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 3(6): 145-155.

_____. 1977. The conformation of the male palpal organs of Linyphiid spiders, and its application to the taxonomic and phylogenetic analysis of the family (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 4(1): 1-60.

_____. 1978. The genera Saaristoa n. gen. and Metapanamomops Millidge (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 4(3): 123.

_____. 1980. The erigonine spiders of North America. Part 2. The genus Spirembolus Chamberlin (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Journal of Arachnology 8(2): 109-158.

_____. 1981a. The erigonine spiders of North America. Part 3. The genus Scotinotylus Simon (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Journal of Arachnology 9(2): 167-213.

_____. 1981b. The erigonine spiders of North America. Part 4. The genus Disembolus Chamberlin and Ivie (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Journal of Arachnology 9(3): 259-284.

_____. 1981c. The erigonine spiders of North America. Part 5. The genus Satilatlas (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 170(1): 242-253.

_____. 1983. The erigonine spiders of North America. Part 6. The genus Walckenaeria Blackwall (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Journal of Arachnology 11(2): 105-200.

_____. 1984a. The taxonomy of the Linyphiidae, based chiefly on the epigynal and tracheal characters (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 6(6): 229-267.

_____. 1984b. The erigonine spiders of North America. Part 7. Miscellaneous genera (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Journal of Arachnology 7(2): 57-61.

_____. 1986. A revision of the tracheal structures of the Linyphiidae. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 6(6): 229-267.

_____. 1987. The erigonine spiders of North America. Part 8. The genus Eperigone Crosby and Bishop (Araneae, Linyphiidae). American Museum Novitates 2885: 1-75.

Muma, Martin H., and Willis J. Gertsch. 1964. The spider family Uloboridae in North America north of Mexico. American Museum Novitates 2196: 1-43.

Opell, Brent D. 1974. A taxonomic revision of the North American Hahniidae (Arachnida: Araneae). Master's thesis, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, iv+160 pp.

Opell, Brent D., and Joseph A. Beatty. 1976. The Nearctic Hahniidae. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 147(9): 393-433.

Palmgren, Pontus. 1972. Studies on the spider populations of the surroundings of the Tvärminne Zoological Station, Finland. Commentationes Biologicae (Societas Scientarum Fennica) 52:1-133.

_____. 1977. Die Spinnenfauna Finnlands und Ostfennoskandiens VIII. Argyronetidae, Agelenidae, Hahniidae, Dictynidae, Amaurobiidae, Titanoecidae, Segestriidae, Pholcidae und Sicariidae. Anhang: Bestimmungstabelle der in Finnland repräsentieren Spinnenfamilien und kommentiertes Register der Teile I-VIII der Spinnenfauna. Fauna Fennica (Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica) 30:1-50.

Peckham, George W., and Elizabeth G. Peckham. 1909. Revision of the Attidae of North America. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 16 (Part 1, No. 5): 355-646.

Petrunkevitch, Alexander. 1911. A synonymic index-catalogue of spiders of North, Central and South America with all adjacent islands, Greenland, Bermuda, West Indies, Terra del Fuego, Galapagos, etc. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 29:1-809.

Platnick, Norman I. 1974. The spider family Anyphaenidae in America north of Mexico. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 146(4): 205-266.

_____. 1975. A revision of the Holarctic spider genus Callilepis (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates 2573:1-32.

Platnick, Norman I., and Mohammad Umar Shadab. 1974. A revision of the bispinosus and bicolor groups of the spider genus Trachelas (Araneae, Clubionidae) in North and Central America and the West Indies. American Museum Novitates 2560:1-34.

_____. 1975a. A revision of the spider genus Gnaphosa (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) in America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 155(1): 1-66.

_____. 1975b. A revision of the spider genera Haplodrassus and Orodrassus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) in North America. American Museum Novitates 2583:1-40.

_____. 1976. A revision of the spider genera Drassodes and Tivodrassus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) in North America. American Museum Novitates 2593:1-29.

_____. 1977. A revision of the spider genera Herpyllus and Scotophaeus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) in North America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 159(1): 1-44.

_____. 1978. A review of the spider genus Mysmenopsis (Araneae, Mysmenidae). American Museum Novitates 2661:1-22.

_____. 1980. A revision of the North American spider genera Nodocion, Litopyllus, and Synaphosus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates 2691:1-26.

_____. 1981. A revision of the spider genus Sergiolus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates 2717:1-41.

_____. 1982. A revision of the American spiders of the genus Drassyllus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 173(1): 1-97.

_____. 1983. A revision of the American spiders of the genus Zelotes (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 174(2): 97-191.

_____. 1988. A revision of the American spiders of the genus Micaria (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates 2916:1-64.

Prószynski, Jerzy. 1968. Revision of the spider genus Sitticus Simon, 1901 (Araneida, Salticidae), I. The terebratus group. Annales Zoologici (Polska Akademia Nauk) 26(18): 391-407.

_____. 1971. Revision of the spider genus Sitticus Simon, 1901 (Aranei, Salticidae). II. Sitticus saxicola (C. L. Koch, 1848) and related forms. Annales Zoologici (Polska Akademia Nauk) 28(10): 183-204.

_____. 1980. Revision of the spider genus Sitticus Simon, 1901 (Aranei, Salticidae). IV. Sitticus floricola (C. L. Koch) group. Annales Zoologici (Polska Akademia Nauk) 36(1): 1-35. [note: the volume and issue given on the publication itself are 35(29), but the contents page of volume 36 corrects these to 36(1)]

Reiskind, Jonathan. 1969. The spider subfamily Castianeirinae of North and Central America (Araneae, Clubionidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 138(5): 163-325, frontispiece.

Richman, David B. 1979. Jumping spiders of the United States and Canada: Changes in the key and list (1). Peckhamia 1(6): 125.

Richman, David B., and Vincent D. Roth. 1976. A revised list of the jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) of Yuma County, Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist 21(2): 199-202.

Roberts, Michael J. 1985. The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, vol. 1. Leiden: E. J. Brill. 229 pp.

Roddy, Leon R. 1966. New species, records, of Clubionid spiders. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 85(3): 399-407.

_____. 1973. American spiders of the Clubiona canadensis group (Araneae; Clubionidae). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 92(1): 143-147.

Roth, Vincent D. 1952. The genus Cybaeus (Arachnida: Agelenidae) in Oregon. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 45(2): 205-219.

_____. 1956. Taxonomic changes in the Agelenidae (Arachnida). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 32(4): 175-180.

_____. 1968. The spider genus Tegenaria in the western hemisphere (Agelenidae). American Museum Novitates 2323:1-33.

Roth, Vincent D., and Patricia L. Brame. 1972. Nearctic genera of the spider family Agelenidae (Arachnida, Araneida). American Museum Novitates 2505:1-52.

Saaristo, Michael I. 1974. Taxonomical analysis of Microneta viaria (Blackwall, 1841), the type-species of the genus Microneta Menge, 1869 (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Annales Zoologici Fennici 11(2): 166-169.

Sauer, R. J., and N. I. Platnick. 1972. The crab spider genus Ebo (Araneida: Thomisidae) in the United States and Canada. Canadian Entomologist 104(1): 35-60.

Schenkel, E. 1950. Spinnentiere aus dem westlichen Nordamerika, gesammelt von Dr. Hans Schenkel-Rudin. Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellshaft in Basel 61: 28-92.

Schick, Robert X. 1965. The crab spiders of California (Araneida, Thomisidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 129(1): 1-180.

Shear, William A. 1970. The spider family Oecobiidae in North America, Mexico, and the West Indies. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard) 140(4): 129-164.

Snazell, R. G. 1980. Erigone aletris Crosby and Bishop, a spider new to Britain (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 5(2): 97-100.

Thaler, Konrad. 1968. Zum Vorkommen von Porrhomma-Arten in Tirol und anderen Alpenländern (Arachn., Araneae, Linyphiidae). Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich-Medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck 56:361-388.

_____. 1980. Über wenig bekannte Zwergspinnen aus den Alpen - VI. (Arachnida: Aranei, Erigonidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 87(2): 579-603.

Tullgren, Albert. 1955. Zur Kenntnis schwedischer Erigoniden. Arkiv för Zoologi (2) 7(20): 295-389, plates 1-29.

Turnbull, A. L., C. D. Dondale, and J. H. Redner. 1965. The spider genus Xysticus C. L. Koch (Araneae: Thomisidae) in Canada. Canadian Entomologist 97(12): 1233-1280.

Ubick, Darrell, and Vincent D. Roth. 1973. Nearctic Gnaphosidae including species from adjacent Mexican states. American Arachnology 9 (supplement): 1-12 (catalog), 1-6 (synonymy), 1-3 (Mexican catalog).

Uetz, George W., and Geraldine Denterlein. 1979. Courtship behavior, habitat, and reproductive isolation in Schizocosa rovneri Uetz and Dondale (Araneae: Lycosidae). Journal of Arachnology 7(2): 121-128.

Uetz, George W., and Charles D. Dondale. 1979. A new wolf spider in the genus Schizocosa (Araneae: Lycosidae) from Illinois. Journal of Arachnology 7(1): 86-88.

Vogel, Beatrice R. 1964. A taxonomic revision of the distincta group of the wolf-spider genus Pardosa in America north of Mexico (Araneida, Lycosidae). Postilla 82:1-30.

_____. 1970. Taxonomy and morphology of the sternalis and falcifera species groups of Pardosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). Armadillo Papers 3:1-59.

Wallace, H. K., and Harriet Exline. 1978. Spiders of the genus Pirata in North America, Central America, and the West Indies (Araneae, Lycosidae). Journal of Arachnology 5(1): 1-112.

West, R., C. D. Dondale, and R. A. Ring. 1984. A revised checklist of the spiders (Araneae) of British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 81:80-98.

Wiehle, Hermann. 1956. Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae). 28. Familie Linyphiidae - Baldachinspinnen. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: i-viii, 1-337.

_____. 1960. Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), XI: Micryphantidae - Zwergspinnen. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 47: i-xi, 1-620.

Worley, Leonard G. 1932. The spiders of Washington, with special reference to those of the San Juan Islands. University of Washington Publications in Biology 1(1): 1-63.

Wunderlich, Jörg. 1979. Taxonomie und Synonymie von Acrometa Petrunkevitch 1942 (Arachnida: Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Senckenbergiana Biologia 59(5/6): 411-416.

Zorsch, Helen M. 1937. The spider genus Lepthyphantes in the United States. American Midland Naturalist 18(5): 856-898.


[Home] [Introduction] [Map] [Checklist] [Appendix] [References] [Index to Genera]